David Kokernot: Rogue Soldier of the Texas Revolution

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Page numbers in italics indicate a sketch, painting, photograph, or map.

A-B C-D E-F-G H-I-J K L-M N-O-P-Q R-S T-U V-W-Y-Z

A

African Americans

dancing in Congo Square, New Orleans, 201–202n12

on New Orleans waterfront, 23

See also slavery

Aimable (vessel), 30–31, 203n2

Alamo, the, 66, 67, 181–82, 183, 186–87

alcohol problems

and bar pilots at the Balize, 31, 34

and DLK, 101, 133, 232n30

DLK overcomes, 101–2

in Texas, 101

and Tory chase, 101

Alexander Hart & Son, New Orleans, 165

Almonte, Juan, 70

Alpine Ranch, 157, 258n10. See also o6 Ranch

American Indians, 23

American Quarter of New Orleans, 28–29

Amsterdam, Holland

arriving in, 4–6

canals, 5–8, 6, 7, 12, 13, 16

education of Jewish children in, 9, 12, 15, 191n11

expansion of, 8–9, 191n4

Jewish population, 9

Jewish Quarter, 7–9, 10–11, 14, 190n1

Little Ice Age, 15, 16, 198n27

locks, 5

map of, 7

occupations for Jews in, 12

welfare lists, 198n26

Anahuac Disturbances, 56–57, 60, 77, 171–72

Anahuac, Texas

as base for Mexican Army, 51, 56–57, 60, 77, 171–72

DLK and family arrival in, 54–56

DLK arriving in after shipwreck, 177

DLK stranded in, 51

map with, 75

routing of Mexican soldiers, 56–57

“The Battle of Anahuac,” 170–72

Andrews, Richard, 180–81

Ashkenazic Jews

in Amsterdam, 8, 9, 12–13, 191n11

and Kokernot genes, 2

naming customs of, 14, 192, 196–97

Rebecca Kokernot as, 11–12

Ashkenazic Synagogue, Amsterdam, 12, 12–13

Atkison, Mr., 182–83

Austin, John, 171

Austin, Stephen F., 58, 61–62, 66, 179–82

Austin, W. T., 185

B (to top of page)

Balize, the

American control, 33–34

DLK’s job at, 29, 33–34, 204n12

pilot for DLK’s vessel, 19

placement and construction, 31, 32

port warden’s office, 29

sketch and map, 18, 20

Spanish control, 32–33

Barber, Amos, 93, 134, 135, 146, 246n6

Barber, Benjamin, 103

Barber, Elizabeth, 98, 99, 104, 105

Barber, Elizabeth Kokernot, 92, 98, 99, 134–36, 135, 230–231n18

Barber, George Albert, 135

Barber, India McDaniel, 246n6

Barber, John, 92, 96, 104, 134–36, 233n31

Barber, Lee, ix

Barber, Martha Jane, 136

Barber, Melissa, 92

Barber, Reuben, 96, 97, 105

Barber, Samuel, 92, 104, 105

Barnes Papers, 248n14–15

Barrow, Solomon, 76, 87, 92, 223n8

“Battle of Anahuac, The” (DLK), 170–72

Battle of Conceptión, Texas, 61, 180–81

Battle of Goliad (La Bahia), 66, 67, 181, 218n12

Battle of San Jacinto

about, 72

anniversary, 121

DLK crossing battlefield years later, 85–86

DLK’s claim to have participated, 241nn14–15

DLK’s failure to reach troops in Harrisburg, 71–72, 95, 222n18

DLK’s sword in, 68, 185

DLK’s version, 186–87

maps, 55, 75

positioning of armies, 71, 221n15

veterans, 125, 125–26, 241nn13–14, 243n28

Battle of the Alamo, 65, 66, 67, 183

Bayou Road home, New Orleans, 161

Belle (vessel), 203n2

Bexar, siege of, 61–62, 181–82, 218n14

Bibles given to children, 124

Bienville, Sieur de, 31, 32, 203n3

Big Hill, Texas

and Barber family, 103–4, 134

cattle ranching, 103–4

DLK moves to, 134

Kokernot cemetery at, 118–19, 127–28

Kokernots living at, 139, 142, 144, 146, 148

Langs living in, 137

L. M. Kokernot home, 118

map of, 117

schools in, 105, 120, 121, 237n25

view from, 103

Bloodgood, William, 86–87, 228nn4–6

Bolivar Point, Texas, 176

Boston (brig), 36–37

Bostwick, Elizabeth Kendall, 145

Bostwick, Gordon, 145, 145, 154

Bowie, James, 180–81

Braches, Charles, 116–17, 140, 141

Bradburn, Juan Davis, 56–57, 171

Bradish, George, 33

brand registration, 106, 142, 242n23, 249–250n26, 254n58, 258n10

Brazos River, Texas, 67–68, 76, 184

Briscoe, Andrew, 65

Brutus, Edward, 39–40, 173

Burleson, Ed, 179–82

Burnet, David

evacuation to Galveston, 68, 69–70, 71, 221n12

and Houston’s cowardly flight from Santa Anna, 68

map of home location, 75

on military arrest of civilians, 79

opposition to independence, 60

order to DLK to return property and horses, 80, 81, 91

photograph of, 80

as president of independent Texas, 66

release of Stanley’s prisoners, 79, 224n17

on returning horses and cattle seized by DLK, 80, 81

seizure of DLK’s horse, 81, 226n23

C (to top of page)

Caribbean piracy, 210n3

Carlisle, Robert, 227n32, 228n6

Carnes, Capt., at siege of Bexar, 181

Carnes, Caroline Littlefield, 256n67

Carnes, Hulda, 119, 141–42, 143

Carnes, William, 256n67

Carondelet Canal, New Orleans, 25, 26

Catlin, Rose Ann Kokernot, 51–52, 160, 166, 263n24

Catlin, William W., 166

cattle drives, 98–99, 115–16, 233n1

Cayuga (steamboat), 68, 69, 221n11

Ceaser (schooner), 48, 49–51, 50, 211n21, 212n26, 213n30

Cedar Bayou home, Texas

cattle ranching at, 87–88, 229nn8–9

Cedar Bayou home, Texas (cont'd.)

DLK’s children living at, 134, 139, 144

land swap for, 86–87, 228n6

moving to Peach Creek from, 96–97, 98–99, 233n33, 234n2

remoteness of, 89–90, 229n13

cemetery at Big Hill, Texas, 118–19, 127–28

Chardon, Joseph, 162

Charles of Bath (vessel), 48–49, 212n23

cholera epidemic in Anahuac, 51

Civil War

blockades of Texas ports, 112–13

Confederacy and conscription of soldiers, 110–11

DLK in, 108–12

DLK’s nephews in, 167

Eighth Texas Calvary, “Terry’s Texas Rangers,” 112, 139

end of, 114

Federals’ attack on St. Mary’s, 134

Fifth Texas Regiment “Hood’s Brigade,” 146

Gonzales Invincibles, 108–10, 238n2

L.M.’s role in, 139–40

Second Texas Regiment of Infantry, 109–12, 113, 137, 145, 239n14, 255n61

siege of Vicksburg, 113

Texas leaves the union, 108

Clapp, Theodore, 209n34

Cohen, Anna, 9

Cohen, Bele “Betsy,” 10, 14–16. See also Kokernot, Bele “Betsy” Cohen (mother)

Cohen, Clara (great-aunt), 10–11, 90, 193n16, 230n15, 251n37

Cohen, David, 48–49

Cohen, Levi Salomon, 204n13

Cohen, Maria de Vries (great-grandmother), 9–10

Cohen, Meijer (great-great-grandfather)

arrival in Amsterdam, 5–6, 191n6

family of, 9–11, 190n3(Ch. 1)

Cohen, Mietje Millem, 204n13

Cohen, Moses S., 48–49, 51, 212n23

Cohen, Nathan Salomon (grandfather), 10, 15, 198n28

Cohen, Philip, 48–49

Cohen, Roosje Eliaser (grandmother), 10, 15

Cohen, Salomon, 11, 204n13

Cohen, Salomon Meijer (great-grandfather), 9–10

Cohen, Vroutje, 9

Coit, Daniel P., 79, 224n16

Collector of Customs warrant officer, 42–43, 45–46, 210n10, 211n16

Colorado River, 67, 99, 183, 234n2

Columbia, Texas, 83, 136

Columbus, Texas, 99, 100

Colville, Billy, 103, 105, 235n18

Conceptión, Battle of, 61, 180–81

Confederacy and conscription of soldiers, 110–11

Congo Square, New Orleans, 201–202n12

constitution of the Republic of Texas, 65–66

Corinth, Mississippi, 111–12

Cós, Martín Perfecto de, 60–62, 64, 179–82, 218n12, 218n14

cotton farming in Texas, 57–58, 216n6

Crescent City, 260n3. See also New Orleans, Louisiana

D (to top of page)

Declaration of Independence of Texas, 65

Deventer Wood Market, 13, 13–14

De Vries, Anna Cohen, 9

De Vries, Maria, 9–10

De Vries, Salomon, 9

Dewees, William B., 67, 99–100, 101, 183

Dickens, Charles, 15

Dilworth, Fannie, 146

Dittmar, Caroline, 40. See also Kokernot, Caroline Dittmar (wife)

Dobie, J. Frank, 151

Dorsett, Charles, 180

Dorsett, John, 180, 182–83

Dorsett, Theodore, 171

dowry, 9

Duncan, William Berry, 233n1

E (to top of page)

“Early Reminiscences in Texas,” August 17, 1878 (DLK), 177–83

“Early Reminiscences in Texas,” Nov. 2, 1878 (DLK), 183–88

Eastern Europe, 2, 132

Eighth Texas Calvary, “Terry’s Texas Rangers,” 112, 139

Elam, Fannie, 120, 124, 148–50, 149

Elam, Harriet McClung, 148

Elam, Henry, 148

Elam, Jefferson “Jesse” or “Jeff,” 148

Elam, Robert, 148

Eliaser, Roosje (grandmother), 10, 15

Ewing, Alexander, 73

F (to top of page)

Fannin, James, 61, 180–81

Faubourg Marigny suburb, New Orleans, 161

Faubourg St. Mary neighborhood, New Orleans, 37–38

Federals attack on St. Mary’s, 134

Ferguson, James, 182–83

fever season in New Orleans, 41, 160, 209n34

Fifth Texas Regiment “Hood’s Brigade,” 146

Fire Brand (US Navy schooner), 18

Fischer, Jeremiah, 94

Fisher, Jorge, 56–57

Fisher, William, 83

Fitzgerald, Caroline Augusta “Gus” Kokernot, 93, 119, 123, 146–48, 147, 231n21

Fitzgerald, Elizabeth, 146

Fitzgerald, Emma Littlefield, 256n67

Fitzgerald, Madeline “Mattie,” 146, 147, 148

Fitzgerald, Maude, 146

Fitzgerald, Milam, 119, 120, 123, 146–48

Fitzgerald, Theophilus, 146

Fitzgerald, William Wiseman, 146

Flash (schooner), 68, 70, 170

flatboats, 28

fluyts (ships), 4, 190n2

Fly, Callie, 113, 239n14

Fly, George Washington Lafayette, 109, 110, 239n14

Fort Saint John, 21

Franks, Burrell, 176

Franks, Elijah, 88–89, 176

Franks, William, 176

French Quarter of New Orleans, 24–25, 26, 29

G (to top of page)

galjoots (ships), 5–6, 190n2

Galveston, Harrisburg, and San Antonio Railroad surveyors, 155–56

Galveston, Texas, 50, 54, 137

Gardener, Mr., 184

Gardien, Kent

on Beck Kokernot, 145

on court action against James Morgan, 243

and Gus, 231n21

research by, ix–xi

and revenue cutter mission, 243n28

on Walter Kokernot, 140

Gasquet, William, 52, 163, 211n19, 213nn32–33

Gausin, Marie, 24

genetic trail, 2–3, 131–32, 189n2, 245nn3–4

Gill, John P., 80–81

Goliad, Battle of (La Bahia), 66, 67, 181, 218n12

Gonzales Invincibles, 108–10, 238n2

Gonzales, Texas, 67, 146, 179

Gonzales Weekly Inquirer (newspaper), 198–199n29

Gordon, Martin, 42–47

Gray, William Fairfax, 65, 84, 216n6, 227n33

H (to top of page)

Haiti, 39, 172–73, 207n28, 207n30

Halderman, Augusta Lang, 138

Halderman, Thomas Lee, 138

Halderman, William, 138

Hall, D. C., 171

Hamburg, 5–6

Hardin, William, 60

Harper, George W., 150–51, 255n61

Harper, James D., 255n61

Harper, Mary, 150, 150–51, 255–256n61

Harrisburg, Texas

Americans fleeing through, 68–69, 185, 221n11

county lawsuits by and against DLK, 89

DLK’s failure to reach troops in, 71–72, 95, 222n18

Houston pursuing Mexicans through, 70–71

map of, 55

Santa Anna in, 70

and Texas Revolution, 70–71

Harris, William, 68

Hart, Alexander (stepfather), 82, 164–65, 214, 262n15, 262n17

Hart, Betsy Kokernot, 82, 164–65, 169, 214, 262n15, 262n17

Hart, John I., 169

Hart, Phineas, 164

Heard, Joshua, 135–36

Hebrew sacred name, 196–97

Henderson, William, 48

Holland

Ashkenazic Jews in, 8, 12, 12–13, 196–97

diminishing power of, 15

immigration from, 15–22, 24, 26, 172, 198n29, 199n1, 199n30

Sephardic Jews in, 8, 9, 13

standardization of surnames, 10, 192

See also Amsterdam, Holland

Home Guard of St. Mary’s, 134

Hope, John, 100–101

horse thievery, 86

Hotel Pontchartrain, 38

Houston, Sam

calls for help from San Jacinto area residents, 71, 74

as Commander in Chief of Texan armies, 66, 182–88

creating an army, 66–67

and DLK, 59, 67, 108, 177–78, 182, 217

DLK’s assignment from, seizing Tory property, 75–80, 91–92, 223nn4–5, 223n8, 224n16

elected president, 82–83

leg wound, 73–74

and petty larceny accusation against DLK, 94–96, 232n27

photograph of, 94

pursuing Santa Anna, 70–72

on secession of Texas, 110

Houston, Sam, Jr., 110

Houston, Texas, 83

hurricane, 1, 49, 174, 212n26

I (to top of page)

Iberville, Pierre le Moyne, Sieur de, 31

Igo, Green, 151

Iiams, John, 75

Imes, John, 186, 187

Independence (vessel), 44

Indians, DLK’s time with, 178–79

Ingham (Revenue Cutter), 43–46, 44, 53

Ingham, Samuel D., 43, 46

“Interesting Narrative,” June 22, 1878 (DLK), 172–75

“Interesting Narrative,” June 29, 1878 (DLK), 175–77

IOA Ranch, Lubbock County, Texas, 151

J (to top of page)

Jack, P. C., 171

Jack, William H., 171

Jewish Quarter, Amsterdam, 7–9

Jews

given names, 196–97

in Holland, 8, 9, 12, 12–13, 13, 196–97

immigration, 15–22, 24, 26, 172, 198n29, 199n1, 199n30

in New Orleans, 39

in New York City, 164, 169

surnames, 2, 10, 192

on welfare lists in Amsterdam, 198n26

See also Ashkenazic Jews

Johanna Catherina (vessel), 16, 24, 200n6

Johnson, D., 182–83

Johnson, Francis W., 56, 121, 124–25, 171, 181–82

Johnson, William, 33

John William Kokernot home, San Antonio, Texas, 152

Jones, A. H. “Gus,” 123, 142, 155, 180

Jones, William E., 112

K (to top of page)

keelboats, 28

Kendall, Dove, 145, 146

Kendall, Elizabeth, 145

Kendall, Leon, 119–20, 143, 145, 145–46, 154

Kendall, Mary, 145

Kendall, Nancy Turner, 145

Kendall, Rebecca “Beck” Kokernot (daughter), 119–20, 145, 145–46, 147

Kendall, William, 119–20, 145, 252n41

Keoladour/Keobadour, Marro (Emereaux Quebedeaux), 104, 236n20

Kerlin, James, 151

Knipp, Lewis, 76, 224n16

Kokernot, Alexander (uncle), 11, 12, 194–195n20, 194n18, 238–239n10

Kokernot, Alexander Benjamin (nephew), 125, 165, 166–69

Kokernot, Alma, 142

Kokernot, August Henry, 168, 169

Kokernot, Bele “Betsy” Cohen (mother)

aliases of, 10, 214

birth of, 10

children of, 14

death of, 169, 264n35

and DLK’s debts in New Orleans, 52–53, 163, 213n33, 214–216n36, 261n11

and dry goods store in New Orleans, 37–39

immigration to New Orleans, 15–16, 24, 199n30

lawsuit for defamation, 39

marriage to Alexander Hart, 82, 164–65, 169, 214, 262n15, 262n17

marriage to Levi, 14–15

in New York City, 164, 165, 169

records on, 194–195n20, 198n26

success in business and property purchases, 163–64

Kokernot, Bloome Amanda (daughter), 90, 98, 99, 103, 143. See also St. John, Bloome Amanda Kokernot

Kokernot Bros., Gonzales, Texas, 158

Kokernot, Caroline Augusta “Gus” (daughter), 93, 119, 123, 146–48, 147, 231n21

Kokernot, Caroline Dittmar (wife)

caring for motherless grandchildren, 124, 141, 150

children of, 52, 58–59, 62, 90, 93, 102, 105–6, 133–54, 231n21

death of, 126

DLK sues for divorce, 47

evacuation from Texas, 69, 82, 221n11, 226n27

on Kokernot-Bloodgood transaction, 228n5

marriage to DLK, 40–41

photograph of, 119

pregnancy, 51

separating her property from DLK’s, 100

Kokernot, Clarissa “Clara” (daughter), 90, 98, 114, 144, 230n15, 251n37

Kokernot, David Levi (DLK)

alcohol problems, 31, 34, 76, 101–2, 133, 232n30

birth and childhood, 14, 15, 198n24

claim of Levitical priesthood lineage, 197n5

as “Colonel Kokernot,” 124

death of, 126

on Haiti, 39, 172–73, 207n28, 207n30

immigration to the United States, 15–16, 17–22, 172, 198n29, 199n1

languages spoken, 2, 8, 11, 17, 25, 26, 88, 140, 191n11, 196

lawsuits against, 52–53, 89, 91–92, 94–96, 100–101, 104, 106, 114, 116, 236n20

Kokernot, David Levi (DLK) (cont'd.)

lawsuits by, 87, 89

and Methodist Church, Columbus, Texas, 101–3, 235n11

as Methodist preacher and fundraiser, 101–3, 123–24, 235n11, 241n17, 242n18

as pilot at the Balize, 31, 33–34

as storyteller, 121–23, 243n28

Kokernot, David Levi, in New Orleans

at the Balize, 31

during Civil War, 112, 238n10

debts for goods acquired before leaving, 52–53, 163, 213n33, 214–216n36, 261n11

exploration of New Orleans waterfront, 25–29, 202n13

marriage to Caroline Dittmar, 40–41

as merchant, 47–48, 52

in Revenue Cutter Service, 42–43, 46–47, 173–77, 210n10, 211n16

sailing the seas, 35–37, 39–40, 172–73, 205n16, 207n30

school in New Orleans, 25, 201n9

U.S. citizenship, 52, 214n35

as warrant officer for the Collector of Customs, 42–43, 45–46, 210n10, 211n16

Kokernot, David Levi, in Texas

and Anahuac Disturbances, 56–57

captain of Red Rover in Anahuac blockade, 171

capturing Mexican ships, 82

Columbus, Texas, home, 100, 101

DLK ordered to return Tory horses and cattle, 80–81, 225n22

evacuating his family, 68–69, 221n11

as farmer and merchant, 106, 116, 237n27

grand larceny indictment, 91, 92, 230n17

homes in Texas, 55

and Houston, Sam, 59, 67, 108, 177–78, 182, 217

Houston’s assignment to seize Tory property, 75–80, 91–92, 223nn4–5, 223n8, 224n16

petit larceny accusation and defense, 94–96, 232n27

as rancher, 112–13, 113–14

recruiting for Second Texas Regiment of Infantry, 110–11, 111

and resistance to Cós, 60–62, 179–82, 218n12, 218n14

serving in Texas Revolution, 67–68, 69–72

sword injury, 67–68, 184

and taxes, 90, 230n14

Texas Army pension application, 227n32

See also Cedar Bayou home, Texas; Civil War; Peach Creek, Texas; San Jacinto River home, Texas

Kokernot, David Levi, “Reminiscences”

about, 121–22, 125, 241n17, 242n18

on Battle of San Jacinto, 222n18

“Early Reminiscences in Texas,” August 17, 1878, 177–83

“Early Reminiscences in Texas,” Nov. 2, 1878, 183–88

and Houston, 217

“Interesting Narrative,” June 22, 1878, 172–75

“Interesting Narrative,” June 29, 1878, 175–77

on “living high” on seizures from Tories, 93, 172, 231n23

on orders from Houston, 223n4

on Stanley’s arrest of Tories, 79, 224n17

“The Battle of Anahuac,” 170–72

Kokernot, David Levi, “Reminiscences,” ambiguity, errors, and exaggerations

about, 243n28

at the Balize, 202n17, 204n12

on evacuating his family from Galveston, 221n11

on the Flash, 214–215n36

on Haiti, 207n30

on Houston’s army orders, 220n5

on immigration from Amsterdam, 198n29

on orders from Houston, 223n4

on schooling and years at the Balize, 201n9

on service during Battle of San Jacinto, 222n18

on siege of San Antonio, 218n14

on voyages to Europe, 205n16, 207n27

Kokernot, Elizabeth (daughter), 52, 105, 133–34, 164, 230–231n18. See also Barber, Elizabeth Kokernot

Kokernot, Elizabeth (niece), 40, 160, 162, 168, 169

Kokernot, Fannie Elam, 120, 124, 148–50, 149

Kokernot, Frances “Fannie,” 116, 140

Kokernot, Frederick, 142, 143

Kokernot, George Washington (nephew), 166

Kokernot, Henry Clay (nephew), 166, 168

Kokernot, Herbert Lee, Jr., 159

Kokernot, Herbert Lee, Sr.

birth of, 116, 140

as merchant, 143

photograph of, 156

as rancher, 143, 151, 158–59, 250n29, 258n12, 259n14

Kokernot, Hulda Carnes, 119, 141–42, 143

Kokernot, Jakob Jokeb (uncle), 11, 194n18

Kokernot, Jakob Koppel (uncle), 11, 194n18

Kokernot, James Monroe (nephew), 69, 165, 166–68, 264n29

Kokernot, Johnnie Frances, 149

Kokernot, John William (son)

about, 148–52

birth of, 102

DLK’s gift of land to, 117, 120, 254n56

home in San Antonio, 152, 158

marriage to Fannie Elam, 120

and o6 Ranch, 123, 142, 155, 157

photographs of, 149, 150

as rancher, 123

Kokernot, John W., Jr., 151

Kokernot, Josephine “Joe” or “Pheeny,” 116, 140, 143

Kokernot, Julia Ann (daughter), 58–59, 98, 136. See also Lang, Julia Ann Kokernot

Kokernot, Lee Glenn, 124, 150, 250n29, 255n60, 256n65

Kokernot, Leonora “Nora,” 142

Kokernot, Levi Moses (father)

in Amsterdam, 15

death of, 38

immigration to New Orleans, 15–16, 198n29, 199n30

marriage of, 14–15

names of, 196–97

as porter in Amsterdam, 12

records on, 194nn17–18, 194n20, 198n28

ritual circumcision and names, 11

voyage to New Orleans, 17–22, 199n1

Kokernot, Levi Moses “L.M.” (son)

about, 138–43

birth of, 82

in Civil War, 114

and John William Kokernot, 148

land gift to Rufus Littlefield, 154, 257n71

land purchases, 115, 116, 117, 123, 244n31

marriage to Hulda Carnes, 119, 141

marriage to Sarah Littlefield, 116, 140

move to Peach Creek, 98

occupation of, 107

photographs of, 124, 139, 141, 167

as rancher, 111, 115–16, 116–18, 123, 155, 242n22

and trial of Halderman boys, 138

See also LK Ranch; o6 Ranch

Kokernot, Lizzie McCarroll, 168

Kokernot, Lola, 123–24, 149

Kokernot, Louis (brother)

birth of, 14

death of, 166

immigration to New Orleans, 15–16, 24, 199n30

lawsuit by Nancy Kokernot, 165–66

Kokernot, Louis (brother) (cont'd.)

and Levite status, 197n5

marriage to Nancy van Ostern, 37, 38, 41, 162, 165–66, 260n9

as merchant, 160–62, 164–65, 263n22

records on, 196n23

and Shanarai-Chasset congregation, New Orleans, 39

Kokernot, Mary Harper, 150, 150–51, 255–256n61

Kokernot, Mary Melissa “Mollie” (daughter), 105–6, 120, 152–54, 153, 154

Kokernot, Miriam (niece), 38, 41, 160, 206n23, 209n34

Kokernot, Miriam Virginia (niece), 166

Kokernot, Moses (grandfather), 11, 12–13, 15, 194n18

Kokernot, Muriel Joy, 150–51

Kokernot, Nena “Nancy” Van Ostern (sister-in-law), 37, 38, 41, 162, 165–66, 260n9

Kokernot, Ophelia Blanche (niece), 166, 169

Kokernot, Rebecca (grandmother), 11–12, 194nn18–19

Kokernot, Rebecca “Beck” (daughter), 119–20, 145, 145–46, 147

Kokernot, Rose Ann (niece), 51–52, 160, 166, 263n24

Kokernot, Rufus, 118, 141, 142

Kokernot, Sarah Littlefield, 116, 118–19, 139, 140–41, 153

Kokernot, Virginia (niece), 166

Kokernot, Walter Hutson

birth of, 118, 141

on DLK, 140

as merchant, 143, 158

photograph of, 119

raised by Caroline and David, 119

as rancher, 143, 159, 259n14

Kosciusko (schooner), 69, 221n11

L (to top of page)

Lady of the Lake (schooner), 88

Lake Pontchartrain, New Orleans, 25, 38

Lamar/Lamare, Mirabeau Buonaparte, 68, 79, 91, 120, 185, 224n15

land certificates for Houston to San Antonio railroad, 155–56

land grants for Texan independence fighters, 66, 83–84, 227n33

land patents in Texas from Mexican government, 58, 59–60, 66, 144, 177

Lang, Alonzo, 137, 248n14

Lang, Clarissa, 137, 248n14

Lang, David Levi “Lee,” 113, 137

Lang, Elizabeth Alcerta “Allie,” 137

Lang, James, 102, 113, 116, 136–37, 248n15, 249n16

Lang, James, Jr., 137

Lang, Julia Ann Kokernot (daughter), 102, 103, 116, 136–38, 247n11, 248nn14–15, 249n16

Lang, Lillie, 137, 248n14

Lang, Mary, 102, 247n11

Lang, Mary Rebecca Augusta, 137, 138

Lang, Samuel, 137

Lang, Sarah Sophia, 137

Lang, William Arthur, 137

La Salle, René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de, 30–31, 203n2

Latrobe, Benjamin

on African dancing in Congo Square, New Orleans, 201–202n12

on the Balize, 31–32, 33

construction of water system for New Orleans, 200n5

sketch of pilot station, 18

on trip from the Balize to New Orleans, 199–200n1

lawsuits

Betsy’s, for defamation, 39

against DLK, 52–53, 89, 91–92, 94–96, 100–101, 104, 106, 114, 116, 236n20

by DLK, 87, 89

for DLK’s debts in New Orleans, 163, 213n33, 214–216n36, 261n11

to recover land sold to James Morgan, 243–44

widow Betsy’s in New Orleans, 39, 162–63, 260n4

Lee, Robert E., 139

levees on the Mississippi River, 21

Levee Street shop, New Orleans, 160–62, 161, 166, 260n3

Littlefield, Caroline, 152, 256n67

Littlefield, Clarabel, 153

Littlefield, Edith, 154

Littlefield, Emma, 256n67

Littlefield, Hutson Bishop, Jr., 152, 153–54

Littlefield, Hutson Bishop, Sr., 109, 152–53

Littlefield, L. M. “Lee,” 154

Littlefield, Mary Melissa “Mollie” Kokernot (daughter), 105–6, 120, 152–54, 153, 154

Littlefield, Rufus, 113, 114, 153, 154, 154, 257n71

Littlefield, Samuel Guy, 153, 154

Littlefield, Sarah, 116, 118–19, 139, 140–41, 153

Little Ice Age, 15, 16, 198n27

LK brand, 106, 157, 242n23

LK Ranch, Indian Territory, 117, 140–41, 142, 155, 158

Louisiana (Revenue Cutter), 43, 44–46

Louis Kokernot and Co., New Orleans, 165

Lynchburg, Texas, 87, 186, 229n8

Lynch, Nathaniel, 69, 186

Lynch’s Ferry, 69, 71, 96, 228n2

M (to top of page)

Maley, George, Jr.

birth of, 40

as cowboy, 88, 229n9

with DLK during Texas Revolution, 69, 71, 75, 186, 187, 222n18

and DLK’s stories, 54

land from DLK, 93

marriage to Melissa Barber, 92, 93, 97, 230–231n18

move to Peach Creek, 97, 98–99, 104

move to Refugio, 105

Maley, Juliane (mother-in-law)

evacuation from Galveston, 69, 138

and land grant, 59, 60, 62, 217–218n9, 243–44

living with Kokernots, 217n8

marriages and children of, 40

Maley, Melissa Barber, 92, 93, 97

Maley, Robert Lee, 208n32

Maley, William, 40, 54, 59, 69, 93, 229n9

Mansfield, Isaac, 57–58

Marken neighborhood, Amsterdam, 8–9

Martha (schooner), 51, 53, 54–56, 213n30, 214–215n36

Martin, Wiley, 171

Mason, Charles, 180

Matagorda cattle operation, 123, 142, 149, 155, 157, 257n6

McAlister, Mr., 75, 187

McCarroll, Lizzie, 168

McClung, Harriet, 148

McClure, Judge, 179

McDaniel, India, 246n6

McNutt, Robert, 71–72

Methodist Church, Columbus, Texas, 101–3, 235n11

Methodist Church, Shiner, Texas, 123–24

Mexican dominion in Texas

Anahuac as base for Mexican Army, 51

fort in Anahuac, 56–57

land patents, 58, 59–60, 66, 144, 177

military sent to enforce restrictions, 60–62, 63, 218n12

See also Texas Revolution

Meyers, Jacob, 162

Middle East, 1, 2

Milam, Col., 181–82

Millem, Baruch, 204n13

Millem, Mietje, 204n13

Miller, George W., 140–41, 142

Miller, James F., 142, 155, 157, 258n12

Miller, Joe, 158

Mississippi River

crossing the bar at the mouth of, 19

Mississippi River (cont'd.)

DLK as warrant officer for the Collector of Customs, 42–43, 45–46, 210n10, 211n16

DLK’s exploration of New Orleans waterfront, 25–29, 202n13

English Turn, 20, 21–22, 40

La Salle’s search for, 30–31

map of, 20

pilots at the Balize, 19, 29, 31–34

pilot station, 18

sailing up, to New Orleans, 19–22

steamboats, 23, 34–35

Monticello (brig), 40, 207n30

Moore, John, 109, 110

Moore, John W., 65

Morgan, James

as buyer of DLK’s and Juliane Maley’s leagues, 62, 243–44

evacuating in advance of Santa Anna, 70

looting by Santa Anna, 71, 74

merchant (competition) in Anahuac, 55

and Stanley’s Tory prisoners, 79, 224n17

Whiting’s letter to, 78–79

and Zavala, 62, 219n17

Moses, Louis, 166–67

Moses, Samuel, 166

Moulton Institute, Texas, 121

N (to top of page)

Nacogdoches, Texas, 59–60, 177–78

Napoleonic Wars, 15

Nathan, Asher, 164

Nations, W. C., 157, 257n5

New Orleans Bee (newspaper), 49

New Orleans Courier (newspaper), 209n34

New Orleans, Louisiana

census of 1820, 201n7, 201n10

employment in, 24, 200n5

fever season in, 41, 160, 209n34

Kokernots’ home in French Quarter, 24–25, 26, 29

Levee Street shop, 160–62, 161, 166, 260n3

map of, 27

moorage and vessels, 25–28

new real estate creation, 260n3

sounds of, 22, 23

and Texan vessels of war, 82

waterfront, 22–23, 200n3

See also Kokernot, David Levi, in New Orleans

New Synagogue, Amsterdam, 13

New Washington, Texas, 62, 70, 71

Nicholson, James, 43–47

O (to top of page)

o6 Ranch

as Alpine Ranch with o6 brand, 157

brand registration, 142, 254n58, 258n10

cattle from DLK’s ranch, 249n26

management of, 143, 149–50, 151

purchase and stocking, 123, 142–43, 149, 155–57, 242n23, 258n12

Ogsbury, Charles A., 75–78, 95, 122, 187, 223n7

“Old Igo’s Bookkeeping” (Dobie), 151

Orizombo (vessel), 165

P (to top of page)

paddlewheelers, 23, 34–35

Page, Benjamin, 74, 78

Panic of 1837, 165

Patrick, George, 59, 171, 177

Pauger, Adrien de, 32

Peach Creek, Texas

about, 96

Barbers and Maleys move to, 96–97, 98–99, 134, 233nn31–33

Barbers move from, 104, 105

DLK moving to, 98–99, 103–4

DLK’s at, 103–4, 116

DLK seeing Runaway Scrape in, 183

petit larceny accusation and defense, 94–96, 232n27

Phillips, John H., 135, 136

Pilgrim, Carey, 121–22

pilots at the Balize, 19, 29, 31–34

pilot station, Mississippi River, 18

Place d’Armes, New Orleans, 26, 27, 29, 35, 202n14

Poland, 2–3, 132

porters in Amsterdam, 6, 6

Portuguese Synagogue, Amsterdam, 13

Pos, Alexander Koppel (great-grandfather), 11

Pos, Rebecca (grandmother), 11–12, 15, 93

Q (to top of page)

Quebedeaux, Emereaux, 104, 236n20

Quicksilver, 68, 185–86

R (to top of page)

railroad, Houston to San Antonio, 155–56

Rapenburg neighborhood, Amsterdam, 10

Redfish Bay, Texas, 134–35, 247n7

Red Rover (schooner), 171

Refugio County, Texas, 104–5

Rembrandt, 8

Republic of Texas. See Texas

resistance to Cós, 60–62, 179–82, 218n12, 218n14

Revenue Cutter Service

and Caribbean piracy, 210n3

dispute between Gordon and Nicholson, 43–46, 47

DLK as enforcement officer, 42–43, 46–47, 173–77, 210n10, 211n16

and Louisiana, 43, 44–46

process for customs collection, 44–45, 210n6

Reverse LK brand, 106, 115, 141, 157, 242n23, 258n10

Robeson, Andrew, 182–83

Rogers, William, 110–11

Ronquillo, Juan, 32–33

Routh, James, 57–58

Runaway Scrape, 67, 74, 183–84, 221n11

Rusk, Thomas, 80, 186

S (to top of page)

Sabine River, Texas

army service at, 83

DLK on shipwreck at, 174–75

shipwreck at, 49

San Antonio, Texas

Fitzgerald family living in, 148

John William Kokernot home, 152

second home to J.W. and Mary Kokernot, 151

siege and attack by Texan army, 61–62, 218n14

siege of Bexar, 61–62, 181–82, 218n14

San Jacinto, Battle of. See Battle of San Jacinto

San Jacinto River home, Texas

about, 57–59, 179

DLK evacuating his family, 68–69, 221n11

map of, 55

purchase of, 56, 87, 216n2, 228n7

swap for Cedar Bayou home, 86–87, 228nn5–6

Santa Anna, Antonio López de

and the Alamo, 65, 66, 67, 183

and Cós, 60

Hispanic political enemies of, 65

leading soldiers to Rio Grande, 64–65

pursuing Houston’s army, 67–68

Tories colluding with, 74, 75, 78–79

See also Battle of San Jacinto

Sayers, William B., 142, 155, 157, 258n12

schooners

about, 22, 28

in blockade of Anahuac, 171

Ceaser, 48, 49–51, 50, 211n21, 212n26, 213n30

Fire Brand, 18

Flash, 68, 70, 170

Independence, 44

Ingham, 43–46, 44, 53

Kosciusko, 69, 221n11

Lady of the Lake, 88

Louisiana, 43, 44–46

Martha, 51, 53, 54–56, 213n30, 214–215n36

Red Rover, 171

Stephen F. Austin, 171

Terrible, 80, 81, 83, 188, 226n29

Water Witch, 171

Scott, William, 56, 87, 89, 228n7

Second Texas Regiment of Infantry, 109–12, 113, 137, 145, 239n14, 255n61

Sephardic Jews in Amsterdam, 8, 9

Sephardic synagogue, Amsterdam, 13

Shanarai-Chasset congregation, New Orleans, 39

Sherman, Sidney, 73, 183, 186

Sherman, William Tecumseh, 139

shipwrecks

of Ceaser, 49–51, 212n26, 213n30

conflation of Ceaser shipment with Ingham mission, 121, 173–75, 243n28

at Haiti, 39, 172–73

siege of Bexar, 61–62, 181–82, 218n14

Simms, Jonathan, 163

slavery

Barbers’ slave, 134

bought and sold by Betsy and Louis, 161–62, 260n6

Carnes’ six slaves, 141

DLK’s lease of a couple, 113–14, 240n15

of Harper family, 255n61

Kokernot family slave, 40, 208n31

in New Orleans, 162

slave trading, 19, 190n2

Smith, T. W., 182–83

Smith, W. P. “Deaf,” 179–82

Solis, Jacob, 39

Somers, William A., 29, 202n17

Southern Pacific Railroad, 156

Spanish control of the Balize, 32–33

Spilman, James, 48, 51, 173, 182–83, 207n30, 214–215n36

Stanley, Edward H., 79, 92, 224n17

steamboats, 23, 34–35, 68, 69, 221n11

Stephen F. Austin (schooner), 171

Stevens, Charles, 89

St. John, Bloome Amanda Kokernot (daughter), 105, 134, 143–44, 250n33, 251n36

St. John, Edmond, 144

St. John, Edward, 105, 143–44, 251n36

St. John, Julia, 144

St. Mary’s, Texas, 134

surnames of Jews in Amsterdam, 2, 10, 192

T (to top of page)

taxes and DLK, 90, 230n14

Tchoupitoulas Street, New Orleans, 34–35, 204n14

Terrible (schooner), 80, 81, 83, 188, 226n29

Terry’s Texas Rangers, 112, 139

Texan Army (Confederate)

Eighth Texas Calvary, “Terry’s Texas Rangers,” 112, 139

failure in all-volunteer form, 66

Fifth Texas Regiment “Hood’s Brigade,” 146

Gonzales Invincibles, 108–10, 238n2

Second Texas Regiment of Infantry, 109–12, 113, 137, 145, 239n14, 255n61

Texan Army (revolutionary)

DLK’s failure to reach troops in Harrisburg, 71–72, 95, 222n18

DLK’s service pension, 227n32

evacuating civilians, 68–69, 221n11

fleeing from Santa Anna, 67–68

living “off the land,” 74, 76

resistance to Cós, 60–62, 179–82, 218n12, 218n14

See also Battle of San Jacinto

Texas

the Alamo, 65, 66, 67, 183

court system, 89, 90–92

eastern Mediterranean compared to, 1

Houston as president, 82–83

land grants for Texan independence fighters, 83–84, 227n33

land grants for Texan revolutionary soldiers, 66

land patents from Mexican government, 58, 59–60, 66, 144, 177

map of, 55

See also Kokernot, David Levi, in Texas; Kokernot, David Levi, “Reminiscences”; Mexican dominion in Texas

Texas Revolution

the Alamo, 67, 181–82, 183, 186–87

Conceptión, 61, 180–81

DLR’s telling of, 182–88

Goliad (La Bahia), 66, 67, 181, 218n12

Independence used for, 44

land as impetus for, 58

Runaway Scrape, 67, 74, 183–84, 221n11

“Twin Sisters” cannons, 68–69, 72, 185

Washington-on-the-Brazos meeting, 65–66

See also Battle of San Jacinto; Texan Army (revolutionary); Tories and Tory Hill

Texas Second Regiment, 255n61

Texas Veterans Association, 120–21, 124–26, 125, 241nn13–14, 243n28

Thompson, Michael, 48, 51, 213n30

Tombstone, Arizona, 138

Tories and Tory Hill

Bloodgood as Tory, 86

DLK ordered to return horses and cattle, 80–81, 225n22

DLK’s assignment from Houston, 75–80, 91–92, 187–88, 223nn4–5, 223n8, 224n16

Houston’s animosity toward, 74–75, 95

standing on the hill before Battle of San Jacinto, 69, 74–75, 95–96, 186, 223n8

Stanley’s arrest of, 79, 224–225n17

Winfrey as Tory, 77, 87–88, 95

Travis, William Barret, 57, 67, 171, 181

Trinity River crossing, Texas, 229n13

Turner, A., 180

Turner, Nancy, 145

Turning Basin, New Orleans, 25

“Twin Sisters” (cannons), 68–69, 72, 185

U (to top of page)

Ukraine, 2–3, 132

U.S. citizenship, 52, 214n35

V (to top of page)

Van der Beugel, Betsy, 214. See also Kokernot, Bele “Betsy” Cohen (mother)

Van der Beugel, Dina, 48–49, 212n23

Van der Beugel, Moses S. (Cohen), 48–49, 51, 212n23

Van der Beugel, Nathan, 10, 212n23

Van Ostern, Benjamin, 163, 263n23

Van Ostern, Levi, 29, 34, 37, 204n13, 205n20

Van Ostern, Maria, 162

Van Ostern, Nena “Nancy,” 37, 38, 41, 162, 165–66, 260n9

Velasco, battle of, 56

Velasco, Texas, 80–81, 187–88, 225n22

Vicksburg, Mississippi, 113

Vince, Allen, 185–86

Virginia (brig), 49, 212n25

Vlooienburg neighborhood, Amsterdam, 8, 10–11

voyage to New Orleans, 17–22, 199n1

W (to top of page)

W. A. Gasquet & Co., 52, 211n19, 213nn32–33

Wallace, Mr., 179–82

War of 1812, 33

warrant officer for the Collector of Customs, 42–43, 45–46, 210n10, 211n16

Warren, Mr., 171

Washington-on-the-Brazos, Texas, 65–66

Water Witch (schooner), 171

Weekly Inquirer, The (newspaper), 121–22

Welch, William, 105

Wells, Spencer, 1–2

West, Emily, 221n12

White, James Taylor, 224–225n17

Whiting, Hervey/Harvey, 59, 74, 78, 217–218n9

Williams, John A., 75

Williamson, Robert “three legged Willie,” 171, 179–82

Wilson Rifles, Second Texas Regiment of Infantry, 109–10

Winfree, Jacob

accusing DLK skinning a Herring cow, 94–96

aid to Mexican Army in Anahuac, 77, 87

death of, 120

and DLK, 93

DLK chasing horseman on land of, 76–77, 187

and horse seized by DLK, 77, 78, 79, 87–88, 90–92, 223n5, 230n16

map with home of, 75

Wiseman, Robert, 171

Wooten, Alice, 255n61

Wright, John, 100

Y (to top of page)

yellow fever in New Orleans, 41, 160, 209n34

“Yellow Rose of Texas” Emily West, 221n12

Z (to top of page)

Zavala, Lorenzo de, 62, 65–66, 69, 186, 219–220n3, 219n17